Editorial Policy

The Statement of Publication Ethics & Malpractice

The ICTE Press is committed to upholding ethical standards and retracting and correcting errors. The editorial team’s primary responsibility is to discourage publishing malpractice. Any kind of unethical behavior is wrong, and the editorial team of this journal will not stand for any kind of plagiarism. All manuscripts must be the author’s original work and free of indications of plagiarism.

Conflicts of Interests

Authors are asked to say if they have any interests that are directly or indirectly related to their work. Interests from the three years before starting the work (doing the research and getting ready to turn in the work) should be reported. Interests that go back more than three years must be disclosed if they could be seen as having influenced the work submitted. Disclosure of interests makes the process full and clear, and it helps readers make their own decisions about possible bias. This doesn’t mean that it’s wrong to have a financial relationship with the organization that paid for the research or to get money for consulting work. Please download this form.

Disclosures and declarations

All authors are asked to include information about funding sources, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved people, and a statement on the welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate).

Whether or not to include this kind of information depends on both the scope of the journal and the scope of the article. Work that is sent to be published may have effects on public health or general well-being. When this is the case, it is the responsibility of all authors to include the right disclosures and declarations.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

To make sure that research is fair and honest and that accepted rules of ethical and professional conduct have been followed, authors should include information about sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (whether financial or not), informed consent if the research involved people, and a statement on the welfare of animals if the research involved animals.

Please note that standards could vary slightly per journal depending on their peer review policies (i.e., single or double-blind peer review) as well as per journal subject discipline. Before submitting your article, check the instructions following this section carefully.

The corresponding author should be ready to gather proof that ethical standards were followed and send it if asked during peer review or after the paper has been published.

Editors reserve the right to turn down manuscripts that don’t follow the rules above. If the author makes false claims or doesn’t follow the rules above, they will be held responsible.

Data transparency

All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials, as well as software applications or custom code, support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please keep in mind that journals may have different rules about sharing research data based on the norms and expectations of the field.

Results and findings

It is wrong to make something up, lie about it, or pick and choose what data to show in order to trick or mislead someone. It is also wrong to steal someone else’s data or research results. The study’s conclusions should be recorded and stored for further examination and assessment. Data should be kept for a reasonable amount of time and made available when asked for. Exceptions can be made in these situations to protect sensitive records, protect patent rights, or for other similar reasons.


A manuscript’s authors should be limited to those who have made substantial contributions. Everyone who has made a big difference should have the chance to be credited as a writer. Other contributors to the work should be noted. Articles should have a full list of all of the authors’ institutional affiliations, both academic and business.

All authors whose names appear on the submission:

  1. made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;
  2. drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
  3. approved the version to be published; and
  4. agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Role of the Corresponding Author

One author is named the “corresponding author.” This person acts on behalf of all co-authors and makes sure that any questions about the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are answered properly.

The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:

  1. ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;
  2. managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors before and after publication;
  3. providing transparency on the re-use of material and mentioning any unpublished material (for example, manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the editor;
  4. making sure disclosures, declarations, and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate.

During submission and proofreading, the job of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors can be given to the contact or the person submitting the paper. In this case, please make sure the manuscript makes it clear who the corresponding author is.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors can be sure that everything they write is their own and that any writing or words that belong to someone else are properly cited. Publications that had an effect on how the discovery in the manuscript was shared were also included. The writers must certify that the manuscript has never been written before.

It is against the rules to copy text from other sources without giving credit (this is called plagiarism). It is also against the rules for the same person to publish multiple papers with nearly identical content (this is called “self-plagiarism”). It’s against the law to use the same results in more than one journal at the same time. It is prohibited for authors to present results collected from others as their own. Authors should consider the work of those who shaped the direction and course of their research.

Check plagiarism

All papers sent to the ICTE Press will be checked for plagiarism using the Turnitin program. The ICTE Press only considers papers with less than a 20% similarity index for publication. The ICTE Press will immediately reject any paper that involves plagiarism.

AI and AI-Assisted Tools

Authorship implies human-only responsibilities and duties. Each author is responsible for ensuring that any questions regarding the accuracy or integrity of any portion of the work are adequately investigated and resolved, and authorship requires the ability to endorse the final version of the work and consent to its submission. The authors are also responsible for ensuring that the work is original that the indicated authors qualify for authorship, and that the work does not violate the rights of third parties.

Papers generated by AI or AI-assisted Tools are not accepted for publication in the Journals of the ICTE Press. This policy pertains only to the writing process and not to the use of AI tools to analyze data and gain insights for the research procedure. This policy does not prohibit the use of artificial intelligence and AI-assisted instruments in formal research design or research methods. When AI or AI-assisted tools are used in this context, they should be described in the Methods section as part of the work’s methodology.

The authors are responsible and answerable for the content of their work. The authors should indicate in their manuscript if they utilized AI and AI-assisted technologies, and a corresponding statement will appear in the final product. Disclosure of the use of these technologies promotes honesty and trust among authors, readers, reviewers, editors, and contributors and facilitates adherence to the tool’s or technology’s terms of service.

Duplicate submission

During submission, the authors must sign a statement saying that the manuscript is not being considered for publication anywhere else.

Corrections and retractions

All writers must let journal editors know about mistakes in published works and work with them to quickly retract or fix them.

The ICTE Press will pull articles if there is strong evidence that the conclusions are false because of deception (data fabrication) or dishonesty (miscalculation), or if the results have been published elsewhere without proper referencing, consent, or explanation (redundant publication), or if the study involves plagiarism or unethical analysis.

Employers bear the primary responsibility for combating study fraud. We will check with the referees and the editorial team if we become aware of any possible misconduct. If there is proof, we will fix the problem by making fair changes to the online journal, not accepting any more work by the same author for a certain amount of time, and getting in touch with the affected writers and editors of other journals.


Authors should keep all communication with the journal private, including correspondence with editors-in-chief and/or managing editors and reviewers’ reports, unless they have been given explicit permission to share information.

Publication Ethics

The ICTE Press puts out papers that have been written with a good research design in mind. The relevant procedures must be followed. The editorial team and reviewers are responsible for monitoring these steps.

The editors and publishers are mindful of the ramifications of detecting research misconduct.

In the event of an ethical violation or research misconduct, the ICTE Press removes the article from its website and requests an explanation from the corresponding author within seven days. The ICTE Press editorial team reviews the responses and makes the final decision on the report.

The Editorial Team and Publisher of the ICTE Press state unequivocally that any revisions, clarifications, retractions, or apologies will be published on the Journal’s website.

Reviewers’ responsibilities

Each reviewer makes a voluntary contribution to their time. Reviewers play a critical role in ensuring the editorial decision-making process is as high-quality as possible.

Reviewers must be able to give an honest opinion of the paper based on what they already know about the field and what they have learned from previous research and literature. When the request for review was accepted, a deadline was given for them to finish their evaluations. This is important because it helps writers finish their manuscripts in a reasonable amount of time and makes sure journal issues come out on time. Reviewers have to tell the publisher if they know of other articles that are similar in a big way. They are obligated to maintain the confidentiality of all analysis materials. Also, reviewers have to let the editor know if they think they might be able to gain something from the review. This could include but is not limited to, letting the editor know about any professional or personal relationships that could affect the review.

Decisions of publication

The editors make sure that at least two experts review all manuscripts that are sent in for publication consideration. The editor-in-chief or managing editor is responsible for selecting manuscripts for publication from those sent to the journal, taking into account the work’s validity, value to academics and audiences, the views of critics, and all other applicable legal provisions, including libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. When making this determination, the editor-in-chief or managing editor can consult with other editors or reviewers.